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Nanotechnology (Nanotech)

“The emerging fields of nanoscience and nanoengineering are leading to unprecedented understanding and control over the fundamental building blocks of all physical things. This is likely to change the way almost everything — from vaccines to computers to automobile tires to objects not yet imagined — is designed and made.” — The Interagency Working Group on Nanoscience, Engineering and Technology

Nanotechnology is “the manipulation, precision placement, measurement, modeling, and creation of sub-100 nanometer scale matter.” (The Nanotech Report) A more comprehensive definition courtesy of Nanotechnology at NASA states, “Nanotechnology is the creation of functional materials, devices and systems through control of matter on the nanometer length scale (1-100 nanometers), and exploitation of novel phenomena and properties (physical, chemical, biological, mechanical, electrical...) at that length scale.”

Nanotechnology is an exciting emerging technology incorporating nanoscience, the study of objects ranging from one to one hundred nanometers in size (A nanometer is one billionth of a meter.), and nanoengineering, the manipulation of individual atoms and molecules to create materials and structures with new properties and build nanomachines capable of functionality not attainable at larger scales. This technology will shape our future in ways we have not yet begun to comprehend.

Potential and existing nanotechnology applications include improved semiconductor photolithography techniques; smaller electronic components; high density data storage; stronger, lighter-weight, self-repairing or self-replicating materials for use in vehicles such as automobiles, aircraft, spacecraft and space launch vehicles; biomolecular motors and nanomachines; biobots that can work within the human body to repair tissue damage and destroy tumors or disease organisms; tags and markers for use in medical research and imaging; microscopic sensors; improved solar power and fuel cell technologies; materials exhibiting increased thermal protection properties; waste recycling and pollution control; and even exotic concepts such as terraforming and space elevators.

We believe nanotechnology will establish itself as the leading technology of the decade, with close ties to the fields of molecular biology and materials science. Learn more about the ever-increasing importance of nanotechnology from some of the most respected sources in the field.

Authored by Kenneth L. Anderson.  Original article published 20 September 2003.

Ten Spider Nanotechnology offers resources through which you can learn about nanotechnology, nanoscience and nanoengineering and the technological advances taking place every day in these rapidly expanding fields. View the Nanotechnology (Nanotech) SiteMap below for a complete list of our nanotechnology topics.

See Nanotechnology Jobs & MEMS Jobs if you are seeking a career in nanotechnology. High tech job seekers will also find valuable resources under Tech, Science & Engineering Jobs.

(44+ Resources updated 30 June 2009)

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